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Amnesty killed civilians in the Tigray area of ​​Ethiopia



According to international non-governmental organizations, on the evening of November 9, the reported killing took place in Mai-Kadra, a small town in the southwest of the region. CNN has not independently confirmed the death. Amnesty International conducted digital verification and geolocation of the photos and videos, and found that the bodies were scattered in the town or carried away on stretchers.

Deprose Muchena, head of Amnesty International’s East and Southern Africa affairs, said: “We have confirmed the massacre of many civilians. They appear to be temporary workers and have not participated in the ongoing military offensive.”

“This is a terrible tragedy, and its true degree can only be proved when the communication in Tigri is still closed.”

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The Ethiopian Federal Government declared war with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the ruling party in the region, earlier this month. Ethiopian Prime Minister and Nobel Prize winner Abiy Ahmed (Abiy Ahmed) has ordered the Ethiopian Defense Forces to lead “law enforcement operations” in the area, including air strikes.

CNN International cannot independently confirm who caused Mai-Kadra’s death or the number of deaths.

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Witnesses of Mecca Kara, who was providing food and other supplies to EDF, told Amnesty International that they saw the dead body and injured survivors. They told the human rights organization that the victim’s wound appeared to be caused by a sharp weapon, and the organization commissioned an independent pathologist to confirm the report.

An eyewitness who asked not to be named told Amnesty International: “The injured people told me they were attacked by machetes, axes and knives. You can also tell from the wounds that the dead were attacked by sharp objects. “

A news official from Amnesty told CNN that the witness spoke anonymously because of fear of retaliation.

Imminent refugee crisis

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy (Abiy) came to power on the reformist agenda in 2018, promising to bridge differences between regional governments, but his leadership has seen a significant increase in ethnic and political tensions in several regions of the country, often Cause fatal consequences.

On Tuesday, the state-affiliated broadcaster Fana TV reported that the Ethiopian Federal Army had killed 550 enemy fighters, although the identity and affiliation of these alleged fighters is unclear.

According to the UN refugee agency, since fighting between the Tigray government and regional forces escalated, at least 11,000 people have fled the area and entered neighboring Sudan.

At a press conference on Thursday, Axel Bishop, the representative of the United Nations Convention on Human Rights in Sudan, told reporters that the agency estimates that half of the refugees are children.

According to Bisshop, Ethiopians are using several boats to cross a river into Sudan at one of the two border crossings.

Bishop said: “The people who came have received very few concessions. Most of them are in a healthy state. We have got some information about the injured and have been sent to a nearby clinic for treatment.”

Bishop said that Ethiopian soldiers have also crossed the border and will be managed in areas different from civilians. UNHCR and the Sudanese government have developed a response plan for approximately 20,000 people, but due to the rapid increase in numbers, they are now preparing to handle as many as 100,000.

Bishop said: “We are looking for multiple solutions.” He added that UNHCR and Sudan are looking for more camps to accommodate the expected influx.

According to local reporters, the Internet and communication lines in the area have been blocked. The UN Office of Humanitarian Affairs said this, coupled with air and road blockades, hindered Tigri’s assistance.

According to the UN agency, even before the conflict, 600,000 people in the region depended on food relief.

State of emergency

The current round of tension in Tigri began in August, when the Abi government postponed scheduled elections because they said the risk of Covid-19 was too high. In any case, Tigray officials held their own elections in September, and more than 2 million people voted.

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In retaliation, the federal government rejected funding from the leader of TPK Mekelle and promised to send it directly to local leaders. It has triggered a series of tit-for-tat condemnation and speeches steadily established between the regional and federal governments.

Last week, the Ethiopian Federal Government declared a six-month state of emergency, giving them extensive security rights. According to a statement from a newly formed task force set up to deal with this situation, on Thursday, Parliament voted to remove the immunity from prosecution of 39 members of the House of Representatives, including several senior TPLF members and the chairman of the Tigri region. Debretsion Gebremichael.

TPLF accused the federal government of unfairly purging its party members.

According to another statement of the working group, about 150 people from “ethnic different” backgrounds were also detained in the capital Addis Ababa and the country due to suspected collusion with TPLF to instigate “conflict and conduct terrorist attacks” Everywhere.

Abiy is facing international diplomatic pressure from the United States, Britain and the United Nations to ease tensions, but so far, military operations are still continuing.

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