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Alarming increase in number endangered



Nearly a quarter of a million people in Ireland live with diabetes. Between 10 and 15 percent of them have type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease and is usually diagnosed in early childhood.

The remainder has Type 2. This strand is often caused by lifestyle choices and recent figures show that an alarming (1965,0002) Patrick Marshall was diagnosed in 2014 with type 2 diabetes after a routine annual blood test and the 76- One year old says that although it was unexpected, it has spurred him to change his lifestyle, lose weight and improve his quality of life.

My diagnosis came about as a result of a marginally high sugar level, which shows up in my routine annual blood test

"I had no symptoms of diabetes and my diagnosis came from a marginally high sugar level that appeared in my routine annual blood test, so it was a complete surprise," says the Cork man.

My family doctor booked me to the HSE Expert Course for Diabetics, I got some medications and some other important changes, doing sports regularly, watching the size of my portions and eating seven servings of fruit and vegetables every day.

"I also have diabetic retinopathy every year, have my blood tested every six months, and visit a chiropodist every three months."

Responsibility

Patrick, married to Mary and having two adult sons, "Taking responsibility for his health has made such a big difference to his future."

"My quality of life has improved significantly since I am more disciplined about what I eat and exercise regularly," he says. "I had a lot of help from my wife, but I know that it's very important to take responsibility for the management of diabetes because the consequences of unchecked progression do not reflect on it."

A recent UK study (The Direct Study) has also claimed that Type 2 diabetes can be "reversed" if those affected follow a very low calorie diet. But Pauline Dunn, dietician at Diabetes Ireland says that this must be a long-term change rather than a quick fix.

"The study is currently in the middle and shows favorable results," she says. "Weight loss is achieved by following a complete diet replacement formula for three to five months, a gradual food introduction and structured support for long-term weight loss for two to eight weeks."

"So if a person is when they have excess body weight carry and lose, they have a chance to remorse type 2 diabetes. To stay healthy, they have to live well in the long run, so I use the term remission, not the word backwards.

Genetics

But 85 percent of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are overweight another 1

5 percent who are fit and healthy but are genetically susceptible to it.

Wayne Davies is only 50 years old and In 2011, he discovered that the constant fatigue he felt was not due to overwork, but instead was a symptom of diabetes.

  Wayne Davies with his son Conor.
Wayne Davies with his son Conor.

"In 2011, I discovered that I was always tired, thirsty and hungry and would fall asleep after a big meal," says Wayne, who is married to Finola and has a 3½-year-old son named Conor. "So I went to my GP who took a urine sample and did a finger-prick blood test that came back with a reading of 14, which I now consider very high."

"The urine test found glucose in my sample I did not approve, so I gave blood for a full examination, and when the results came back, I was prescribed medication [diabetes] to control blood sugar levels. "

The Dublin man has managed to control his blood sugar levels It is daunting that, despite his healthy lifestyle, he can cope with a condition that is not caused by himself.

I find it frustrating because I'm not typical I'm a Type 2 diabetic because I'm not overweight or obese

"My blood sugar is under control, but could be better, so I intend to increase my exercise regimen," he says. "But I find it frustrating because I'm not a typical type 2 diabetic because I'm not overweight or obese and most of the advice for people with my condition is to lose weight since I was diagnosed, I have two stones Lost, but I am now trying to regain weight while looking exhausted and haggard, so much so that my mother talked to me about her concerns.

"My advice to newly diagnosed diabetics should be as many relevant courses as It's also important to have blood tests on a regular basis – I do it myself two or three times a day to better understand which foods affect my level. I am also a member of Diabetes Ireland and I have all the services they offer.

About Type 2 Diabetes

– Every month, 1,000 new people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in Ireland, based on the number of people being reviewed by the National Screening Service for Retinopathy.
– 1 in 15 people in Ireland live with diabetes, 10 percent of them have type 1, an autoimmune, unavoidable disease.
– The remainder has type 2 diabetes, of which 85 percent could be remitted if
– It is not known how many have pre-diabetes.
– Obesity and age both increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
– The prevention of Type-1 Diabetes is not possible because it is an autoimmune disease.
– Following a healthy lifestyle – eating well, keeping weight in a healthy altitude range, and following minimum physical activity guidelines – can help reduce the risk o decrease a person's type 2 diabetes.


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