A study in the US “Journal of Transplantation” showed that a woman who received a double lung transplant at the University of Michigan died of COVID-19 from a donor lung two months later.
The author of this study, UM internal medicine professor Daniel Kaul, said that this is the first known case of COVID-19 donor-recipient transmission.
The study pointed out that the organ donor was a woman from the Midwest, who suffered severe brain damage in a car accident, and added that the woman quickly developed brain death two days after being hospitalized.
According to this study, the doctor performed a COVID-1
Kaul said: “The family is not aware of any blood donor’s symptoms or implied COVID-19 exposure, so (the donor) has no symptoms. This is what we know.”
The study pointed out that 12 hours before the transplant, lung recipients were tested for COVID-19 and the results were negative. The operation had no complications, but the recipient developed complications a few days later.
The recipients then underwent the initial COVID-19 positive test, so the doctor checked the residual fluid they obtained deep in the lungs of the donor, which was obtained before organ harvesting and was also positive, Kaul said.
According to this study, the recipient died 61 days after transplantation. The study pointed out that 60 days after the transplant, she was still positive for COVID-19.
This study shows that accidental transmission of infection from donor to recipient is rare, occurring in less than 1% of transplant recipients. However, research points out that emerging pathogens face special challenges in assessing the risk of disease transmission, including recent diseases such as H1N1, West Nile virus, Ebola and Zika virus.
The study showed that four days after the transplant, a thoracic surgeon tested positive for COVID-19. The study pointed out that the surgeon was not present at the time of the purchase, but prepared the lungs for implantation and performed the transplant.
The study pointed out that no other exposed medical staff were diagnosed with COVID-19 related to this incident. No other organs were donated in this case, and the study has no information on the risk of spread to non-lung recipients.
Kaul said such incidents should not make anyone worry about donating life-saving organs.
Kaul said: “I think it is very important for patients with organ failure waiting for organ transplants not to use this as a reason to reject their organs.” Arrived. The risk of organ failure without transplantation is much greater than the risk of getting COVID-19 from a donor.”
Kaul said that by the spring of 2020, the number of transplants across the United States and the country has dropped significantly, but has since returned to normal levels.
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