In the United States, one person dies of cardiovascular disease every 36 seconds, which is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. In addition, about 655,000 Americans die from complications of heart disease each year, which accounts for one in four deaths.
Although these statistics are shocking, what is even more shocking is that many people are completely unaware of the small and insidious signs that may show cardiovascular problems.
“Many people think that chest pain is a warning sign of cardiovascular disease,”
Ignoring these signs means ignoring your entire health.
Esita Devidi, a cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York, said that if the human body is regarded as a machine, the heart is the battery that powers it. She said: “In essence, without a functioning heart, the rest of the body will not be at its best.”
Here are some subtle but serious signs that you may be dealing with cardiovascular problems, and some suggestions on how to better improve heart health:
Swelling of lower limbs
Christine Bishara, founder The comprehensive medical practice of Inside Medical from New York says that swelling of the calves, especially the ankles and feet, can predict heart disease. This problem is also called edema.
“If your heart loses the ability to pump blood to other parts of the body (whether due to a weakened heart muscle or due to damage to heart tissue from a silent heart attack, blood flow may slow down and accumulate in the legs). Cause swelling,”) she said.
Shortness of breath
As mentioned earlier, some people do not feel chest pain when dealing with heart problems. Although this can happen to anyone, Bishara says this is especially true for people with diabetes. Instead, they may have difficulty breathing.
“Because diabetes affects and dulls nerve sensation, [someone who is diabetic] People with severe heart disease may never experience symptoms of chest pain,” she said. “That’s why shortness of breath should never be ignored, especially in new attacks. “
According to Bishara, your seemingly unshakable feeling of fatigue may be another subtle sign of heart problems. Especially in situations where nothing seems to be gained.
She said: “If the fatigue symptoms are acute or there is no identifiable underlying cause, please consult a doctor.”
Unexplainable upper back, left shoulder or arm pain
Bishara said, “These pains” cannot be ignored because they may also be signs of heart blockage or impending heart disease. Back symptoms are common in women and sometimes may be the only symptom. ” This is especially true if the pain is random (for example, you did not strain during exercise).
Nowhere to find heart pit
The timing of this heart is as important as the symptoms themselves. Remember, exercise, caffeine, and anxiety all cause your pulse to get faster. However, if you are sitting down or in another relaxed state, and your heart starts to beat, this may indicate a problem. Dizziness and lightheadedness may also be symptoms.
Cardiovascular problems may manifest as chin discomfort. Marcus Smith, a physician at the Cardiovascular Health Clinic in Oklahoma, He said he had asked patients to complain about jaw pain, which they initially thought was related to teeth. Later they learned that it was related to angina, which may be a heart problem.
“The nerves that affect your heart and produce pain are the same nerves that have the same sensations in orthopedic problems, gastrointestinal problems, and dental problems; this is the same distribution of nerves,” he said. “People who experience heart disease often say they feel pain in their jaws. This is why any symptoms should not be pushed aside, because it may represent heart symptoms.”
What to do if these symptoms occur
If you find yourself experiencing any of these problems, it is best to see a doctor. (If you think you have a heart attack or stroke, please call 911 absolutely.)
Smith said that your doctor will first ask you questions about lifestyle and behavior to assess your risk factors. From there, you may need to be checked (or can be referred to a cardiologist) to better understand what is going on.
You should also do something outside the doctor’s office. Suzanne SteinbaumVolunteer medical experts and cardiologists from the American Heart Association’s “Red Women Action” in New York City recommend measures to improve overall heart health. The first is to pay attention to blood pressure. The normal range is 120/80 or less.
“High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke,” Steinbaum said. “Paying attention to diet and exercise, combined with stress management are key components for lowering blood pressure.”
Cholesterol also plays an important role. For adults, total cholesterol should be 200 or less (the lower the better). Male and female low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (called bad cholesterol) should be less than 100. High-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol) should be 40 or higher for men and 50 or higher for women.
Steinbaum said: “High cholesterol can lead to plaque, which can block the arteries and lead to heart attacks and strokes.” “When you control cholesterol, you will give the arteries the greatest opportunity to clear the blockage. Cholesterol can usually be resolved through dietary changes. Control to increase the amount of vegetables, whole grains, and fruits, and absorb healthy fat. Reducing saturated fat is also an important part of it.”
Finally, try your best to get the sport you like. The American Heart Association recommends about 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week. (The following is a series of activities you can achieve this goal-no need for boring aerobic exercise!)
Steinbaum said: “Living an active life is one of the most valuable gifts you can give to yourself and your loved ones.” “Simply put, daily physical exercise can increase your lifespan and quality of life.”