This year is expected to be one of the worst in the history of ticks and not just in one area. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least a large number of disease-transmitting ticks have been found in all lower 48 states.
And a lab at Cornell University has identified 26 types of ticks along the East Coast alone – much more than the deer that most of us associate with Lyme disease.
With a little work, including frequent grass cutting, you can free your yard from the pests.
"Ticks are mostly about wildlife," says Jody Gangloff-Kaufmann, Coordinator of the New York State Integrated Crop Protection Program at Cornell. "If you have an open yard where animals can enter, you will almost certainly have ticks."
A way to know for sure? Perform a so-called tick drag. Cut a 5-inch square fabric pattern and tie it to an 1
If the sample confirms your presence, you must now address the problem to safely enjoy your garden. If not, it could prove proactive. Follow these five steps to deal with them effectively.
1. Keep Your Grass Short
"Black-legged ticks, the species that transmit Lyme disease, do not like dry, hot environments," says Gangloff merchant. Because higher blades of grass cast and shade so that your lawn gets a little shaggy, this is a bad idea in ticks-rich areas. Gangloff merchant says you're still fine when your grass reaches 4 to 4/2 inches Consumer Reports, but be alert when mowing. (Soaking the grass, then sawing it down to about 3 inches promotes healthy growth – shearing your grass to an inch to 2 inches panics grass, and it gets too big, too fast, with a weak root structure.)
If you miss a week and the grass grows big, it's a good idea to use the bagger with your tractor or lawn mower because cutting these long lawns can create the perfect environment for ticks.
2. Make Mulch Moat
Many species of ticks prefer the dense covering of forests over open grass. This makes any forest area next to your property potential breeding grounds for ticks. Adding a 3-foot mulch barrier around the perimeter of your garden is doubly required.
First, a physical barrier that is dry and sometimes hot creates something that ticks can not tolerate. Second, it serves as a visual reminder to everyone in your household to be extra careful once they have exceeded their scope.
For the border, you want mulch from broad, dry wood shavings or bark – not the damp, shredded variety that creates exactly the kind of cool, humid conditions, tender love.
3. Trimming High grass and weeds
"Ticks like to climb the high blades of grass and look for opportunities they are looking for – the chance to pack animals like deer or humans," says Gangloff -Businessman.
By keeping grass and weeds at bay with a string trimmer, you'll minimize those chances and make it ticks difficult for you or your family members to bind or drive around with your dog on your property.  . 4 Eliminate Ticks Habitat
CR has long campaigned to mulch grass clippings when mowing. That's because these snippets break down and release nitrogen into the ground, which feeds your yard and potentially reduces the amount of fertilizer by about 20 percent.
And in many cases it is okay or even preferable to leave fallen leaves behind the lawn for the same reason. But if you live in an area with a large ticks population, it's worth considering.
By clearing grass and blowing leaves into piles to collect, you keep your garden free and cut in tick-friendly spots. You should recycle foliage and grass clippings through your town, if possible, or compost them in a pile far away from the house.
Instead of rotting on a landfill, you can naturally degrade your leaves and clippings and use the resulting compost to feed and fertilize plants around your yard.
5. Consider a Focused Approach
If you follow the four steps above, your yard will be less inviting to ticks. However, if you want to drastically reduce the number of ticks on your property, you need to focus on methods (19659002) Many people choose to spray pesticides on their entire garden, an approach CR experts call ineffective and potentially dangerous ,
"Spraying in your garden offers a false sense of security," explains Michael Hansen. Ph.D., Senior Scientist Consumer Reports. "Instead, consider products that treat the fur of mice or deer with small amounts of tick killers."
An example is a new product consisting of cardboard tubes filled with cotton treated with permethrin, a tick killing chemical. Mice collect the cotton and bring it back to their nests. The permethrin binds to the oils on its fur and kills all ticks that attach without harming the mice.
"Mice play an important role in the Lyme disease transmission cycle," explains Laura Goodman, lead researcher at Cornell's Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (PDF) has found that such systems have led to statistically significant decreases in tick levels after several years of use. And at about $ 4 a tube they are cheaper than tick bait boxes.
Bonus: Tickproof Yourself
When you work in the yard, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks and shoes with your toes closed. Use insect repellent – the best in our tests offer more than 8 hours of tick protection.
"And regardless of the season, do a tick check as soon as you return home," says Goodman.
If you eat a bite, Goodman recommends removing the tick properly and sealing it in a container of a pill bottle, and send it to a lab like her or one at a local cooperative extension service.
For a small fee, the office will analyze the tick and notice if there are any diseases related to your doctor's tick information Can be used if you need treatment.
For more information about ticks in your area, visit the website of your Ministry of Health. Connecticut, home of the city of Old Lyme, where the disease was first documented, has a particularly comprehensive guide to ticks (PDF).
© 2018 WFMY